They are insects characterized by having highly developed hind legs adapted for jumping.
Some 15,000 species are grouped within this Order, which are distributed in temperate and tropical zones, and which are divided into grasshoppers and locusts, with short antennas, and cicadas and crickets, with long antennas.
The oral apparatus is chewing.
They have two pairs of wings, one of membranous wings, with which they sometimes fly and another pair of leathery wings that cover the previous ones, called elytra ".
Some species, such as the gregarious lobster, are great fliers and sometimes constitute great pests, composed of millions of individuals that form clouds of many kilometers, exterminating all the vegetables they find in their path.
The metamorphosis of the Orthoptera is simple.
Cicada are usually green in color and abound in wet meadows.
Grasshoppers and cicadas produce squeaks by brushing their legs against their wings, and crickets by the friction of one wing over another.
Crickets have roughness in the elytra that produce a characteristic squeak when brushed against each other.
Mole crickets are excellent diggers.
A small presentation of the diversity of the insects could be the following:
|WITHOUT WINGS or Apteros|
|Proturos||They are the most primitive insects.|
Without wings or antennae.
A ventral organ allows them to take great leaps.
|Tisanuros||Tres apendices terminales|
Lepisma or silverfish
|Dipluros||Two terminal appendices.|
Two pairs of wings.
Aquatic larvae with gills.
Two pairs of large membranous wings.
|Mantoids or mantids||Incomplete metamorphosis|
Tongue at the end of the abdomen.
Two pairs of wings, of which the first protects the second.
Social organization similar to that of ants.
Termes or Termites
|Hemiptera||Superorder that includes heteropteros and homopteros.|
Two pairs of wings, the first one in its anterior part.
Two pairs of equal wings, which sometimes are missing.
|Hymenoptera||Mouthpieces chewing or sucking.|
Four membranous wings.
Bee, Wasp, Ant
Places of birds and mammals.
Lice of chickens.
Four membranous wings with numerous nerviations.
|Coleoptera||Chewing mouth pieces.|
Two pairs of wings, the first very coro form a protective case.
|Lepidoptera||Mouthpieces transformed into suctor apparatus that is spirally wound.|
Two pairs of membranous wings covered with scales.
Butterflies and moths.
|Diptera||Biting and sucking mouthpieces.|
Just a pair of wings.
Fly, Mosquito, Tipula, Tabano
The SEA is realizing a complete Catalog of the Aragonese Entomofauna that has already been partially published, where 190 families have been inventoried with 3012 species.
A small list of species in Aragon would be the following:
images about the fauna in Aragon.|
photographs on invertebrates.
beneficial animals for agriculture.
Ebro | Landscape | Monegros | Moncayo | Ordesa
Zh2o | Photografies
Document | Nature in Aragon
The pasapues project is an extension of the Aragón project is like that, and tries to collect and relate all possible types of documentary information about Aragon: texts, books, articles, maps, illustrations, photographs, narrations, etc., and proceed to its publication and diffusion.
Orthoptera. Insects Arthropods. Invertebrates. Animal Kingdom, Fauna, zoology, organism, living being, heredity, reproduction, physiology, worms, ecology, zoogeography, Water, humidity, earth, air, food, gastronomy
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