Classification of birds. Vertebrates Wildlife. Animal Kingdom. Fauna. Natural Patrimony Aragonese. Aragon. Spain.
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Classification of birds. Vertebrates Wildlife. Animal Kingdom.

For birds, as for other animals, plants, etc., an international name system has been established, even if the local names of a species change from one country to another, the scientific name is permanent. and serves to share the information. In addition, the classification system helps identify birds by grouping them according to their common characteristics.

  The closest species are grouped into genera, these in turn are grouped into families and these in turn into orders, in this table a rapid approximation has been made by bringing them together in groups that have some characteristic in common.

GaviformesGavidae Colimbos

The grebe, swimming and diving birds excellently adapted for aquatic life, with fluid lines, have long neck and pointed beak are gaviform. In flight his figure resembles a cigar; the fast flapping of the wings is a good indication for its identification.

ColimbiformesColimbidae Somormujos

The somormujos and the zampullines are swimming and diving birds, smaller and chubby than the colimbos, with short beak and blunt and cottony tail. They swim with almost the entire body submerged.
They live in small groups around the world.
The somberujo lavaco performs complicated dances in the mating season.

PelecaniformesPhalacrocoracidae Cormorants

The order is characterized, among other things, by having the four fingers of the legs together by an interdigital membrane. European cormorants are all predominantly black, marine or inland waters and are extraordinary swimmers, catching fish at depths of up to 30 meters. When they swim they immerse the body a lot, being able to regulate their density in such a way that they can swim even with their heads out of the water, as a periscope.

CiconiiformesArdeidae Herons

Long-legged wading birds, fine fingers and long necks, typical of marshes and estuaries. Pointy peak that serves to capture prey. Wide and strong wings; Fast flight, with slow and regular beating.

Ciconiidae Storks

Birds also striding, with long neck and legs.
The posterior finger is located higher than the previous three and the nail of the middle finger is not pectinated. They lack down plates. They fly with neck and legs stretched.

Phoenicopteridae Flamingos

Family of difficult classification, the flamingos have been grouped sometimes with the geese and the gallinaceae, since they present characters of those groups, although they are, more related, apparently with the ciconiformes.
  They have interdigital membranes and are good swimmers; its thick and curved down beak has lamellae at the edges through which the slime filters to procure the small animals and plants it feeds on.

AnseriformesAnatidae Geese, swans and ducks

All have webbed feet, with three toes facing forward; The normally spatulated beak is another distinctive feature. The swans are the largest, with a characteristic long neck and white adult plumage.
Geese are somewhat smaller and are identified by the "V" flight and the resonant voice.
The ducks have a short neck and very delayed feet, cause of the characteristic swagger with which they walk. They fly with fast flutter; pointed ends.
The plumage of the ducks is sexually differentiated (in general, that of the male is more colorful), except in the jars, with a very short neck.

FalconiformesAccipitridae Daytime Birds of Prey

Also called raptors; They are characterized by the strong hooked beak to tear the meat, large eyes to locate prey and long legs with strong spurs and sharp nails with which they kill their captures. All raptors have a waxy mass at the base of the beak at which the nostrils open.

Pandionidae Family composed of a single species, practically cosmopolitan.
Falconidae Birds of fast flight, with angled wings ending in sharp point and relatively long tails. They have a notch or "teeth" in the beak and their tarsals lack feathers, while they have long and loose thighs.
GalliformesTetraonidae Terrestrial birds, in compact forms, with the feathered tarsals and excrescences that come off in spring. Thick, short and somewhat curved beak.
PhasianidaeHunting birds

Heavy construction, with small head and crow's beak. Rounded and strong wings that allow it to take off almost vertically, with a characteristic crash.

GruiformesGruidae Large land birds with very long neck and legs. Their trachea, very long and twisted, allows them to launch their trumpet, audible at kilometers away.
Rallidae Rascones, water chickens and coots
They are small to medium sized running birds. Superficially observed they resemble small hens. They have strong legs, strong body, arched shirts and short tail.
Rallus aquaticus: rascon
Porzana pusilla: chick girl
Porzana porzana: pintoja chick
Gallinula chloropus: water cock
Fulica atra: common coot
Otididae Bustards
Running birds, large or very large, that inhabit plains without trees. They are suspicious and generally run away, crouching against the ground to go unnoticed, however they have a fast and sustained flight.

Charadriformes species are grouped according to anatomical characteristics that are not very evident to the observer.
This family includes small to medium sized limicolas, whose legs are generally relatively short or at most moderately long.

Scolopacidae Walkers, needles, shoes, choches, crouching
Recurvirostridae To this family of waders of striking long legs and thin beak:
Burhinidae Caravans
  The identification is made by the length and color of legs and spikes, details of the plumage: in particular the alar fringe and the motifs of the obispillo and the tail; and the way to feed.
Laridae Coastal palm trees or inland waters. Two large groups: Seagulls and Terns.

Long legs with interdigital membrane and relatively long wings.
Adults tend to have white bodies and backs and gray or black wings.
The species are identified by minor details of shape, size and plumage.

  Smaller than seagulls and shorter beak, thinner wings and shorter legs. They owe their name to the agility with which they fly.
  They often hover over water before diving to catch some prey. Smokers also catch insects in wetlands.

Columbiformes Peteroclidae Bargains
  Short-legged birds, with feathered tarshes and no wax on the beak. They inhabit arid open areas and their colors are cryptic with their surroundings. They nest on the ground and do not build a nest; Their chickens are much earlier than those of pigeons.
Columbidae Pigeons and doves

Birds of relatively heavy body, small head and not very short neck. Long tail and pointed wings.

CuculiformesCuculidae Cucos and Crialos
  Medium sized birds, with long tails and two fingers directed forward and two backwards. Its main characteristic is not to take care of its offspring, parasitizing nests of other birds, who take care of their offspring.
StringiformesTytonidae Barn owls

Nocturnal, with a single species in Aragon, the barn owl, which differs from owls by its heart-shaped facial disc, its long legs, feathered to the beginning of the fingers and fingernail of the middle serrated finger.

Stringidae Owls

Large round head, characteristic facial disc, hooked beak, round eyes and apparent absence of neck.
The plumage hides the long legs; fingers covered with feathers and strong spurs.
The pitiful voice and night habits make him unmistakable.

CaprimulgiformesCaprimulgidae Chotacabras
  Twilight birds, with long wings and extraordinarily short legs. Short beak, but excessive mouth opening, typical of an insect hunter on the fly (although it also captures them on the ground).
  Variegated and fluffy cryptic plumage, with soundproof flight.

ApodiformesApodidae Swifts

Birds with stunted legs, useless for their movements, with the four fingers directed forward and provided with strong nails, suitable for hanging from rocks and walls. In Lower Aragon they receive the generic name of crossbowmen, also frequent as a surname.
They are magnificent flying and feed on aeroplankton.
In general they are not able to trace the flight from the ground, but need to launch from some slope.
The cementation of the nest is based on its sticky saliva, with which agglutinate feathers and straws collected in flight.

Coraciformes Alcedinidae Kingfisher

Compact birds, with short neck and tail. Long, thick and sharp beak. The three previous fingers are joined in more than 2/3 of its length.
  His colors are bright. They live on the shore of coastal or inland waters and feed on small fish they catch by throwing themselves on water.

Meropidae Common bee-eater

Birds of beautiful color, very good flying, that catch insects on the fly.

Coraciidae Carraca

Medium-sized, brightly colored birds, with the inner and middle fingers welded. They are invertebrate predators or small vertebrates.

Upupidae Hoopoe
Land birds, with colorful and erect crest.
  Nest females and chickens secrete pestilent liquids to scare off predators.
PiciformesPicidae Pitos
Small to large birds, very adapted - except exceptions - to tree life.
Spikes in the shape of a chisel, to carve wood both for their nests and to find their food that typically consists of xylophagous insects.
The legs, with two fingers directed forward and two backwards, together with their very hard and elastic central rectrices, allow them to climb the trunks.
Clearly wavy flight with flutters and descents with folded wings.
Passeriformes. Birds

This order is the most numerous, with about 5,000 species with many different characters.

Other information about fauna in Aragón:

A small list of species in Aragon would be the following:

Vertebrates Invertebrates








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Classification of birds. Vertebrates. Wildlife. Animal Kingdom. Fauna. zoology, living being, inheritance, physiology, metazoans, vertebrates, birds, zoogeography, water

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